In late 19th century Prosper Meniere described a condition characterized by ear block, tinnitus, and vertigo. He even correctly identified the site of lesion to be labyrinth. It wont be a understatement to say that precious little has been added to the knowledge and understanding of the disorder since then. Prosper Meniere infact lived far ahead of his time. He was born in 1799 in
. In 1848 he began to translate the text book on hearing loss authored by Kramer. The book was written in German. This kindled his interest in otology. France
In his classical seminal reports he goes on to describe a series of patients who presented with neural deafness, with hearing loss greater for low frequencies. Deafness was commonly unilateral in these patients. These patients usually present with tinnitus, vertigo, nausea and vomiting. He reported that these patients had a normal ear drum. He also reported that these symptoms were completely reversible.
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