Burning mouth syndrome is defined as an idiopathic condition involving the mucosal lining of oral cavity causing excess deep burning pain in the absence of identifiable cause lasting atleast for a period of 6 months. This condition was first described by Fox in 1935.
Glossodynia, Glossopyrosis, Oral dysesthesia, Stomatodynia & Sore tongue. Among these terms Glossodynia is favoured by ICD (International Classification of Diseases).
It affects females 7 times more commonly than males. Studies have shown about 90% of sufferers are perimenopausal women.
Common sites involved:
- Hard palate
- Buccal / Labial mucosa
- Soft palate
- Floor of mouth
a. Dryness of mouth – This is purely a subjective sensation not backed by real time reduction in the amount of saliva secreted. Hence this sensation could mean altered sensation to be the cause rather than hyposalivation.
b. Altered taste